The Islands of The Bahamas
The Abacos - This group of islands curves through 130 miles of emerald sea with a total area of approximately 650 sq. miles. Often referred to as the "boat building capital" of The Bahamas the Abacos have a population of about 10,000.
Acklins / Crooked Island - Acklins is mostly rocky with a land area of 120 sqare miles and a population of 428. Crooked Island is 92 sqare miles of primarily tidal flats and deep creeks. The population is a little over 400.
Andros - The largest of The Bahamas islands with an area of 2,300 sq. miles marked by numerous inlets and inland lakes teeming with fish. With a population of 8,155 Andros is known as the "bonefishing capital of the world". The Barrier Reef of Andros lies just off the eastern shore along the Tongue of the Ocean.
Berry Islands - An extremely popular area for sportfishing, this group of 30 cays lies in a long lacy line covering an area of approx. 12 sq. miles. Only a few of the islands have a permanent population, which totals 634.
The Biminis - Located only 50 miles east of Miami, Florida, The Biminis are tiny group of islands consisting of North and South Bimini, Cat Cay and Gun Cay. Located in deep-sea fishing territory with the Great Bahama Bank (a bone fishing haunt) to its east. Total area of the islands are about 9 sq. miles with a population just over of 1,600.
Cat Islands - A beautiful island boasting the highest elevation in The Bahamas with Mt. Alvernia at 206 feet. 150 sq. miles covered with rolling hills of dense green forests and miles of magnificent beaches. It has a population of 1,678.
Eleuthera - An island with a rich colonial history, Eleuthera is dotted with tiny fishing villages and sprawling farming areas with a population of 10,524. The island is 110 miles long and only two miles wide along most of its length. Neighboring islands are Harbour Island (renowned for its pink-sand beaches) and Spanish Wells.
The Exumas - Stretching 130 sq. miles, across some of the most beautiful seas in The Bahamas, these islands are known by yachtsmen as the "sailing capital of The Bahamas". There are 365 cays, some merely a pile of sand in the sea, others are high-cliffed and forested. Many have spectacular white sand beaches, most are uninhabited. The Exumas have a total population of 3,539.
Grand Bahama Island - An interesting combination of modern industry (The Grand Bahama Port Authority), sleepy fishing villages and world class tourism. The resort center, Freeport/Lucaya, is a man-made miracle and the nation's second city. The island has an area of 530 sq. miles and a population over 41,000.
The Inaguas - The farthest south in The Bahamas, the islands of Great and Little Inagua cover 645 sq. miles of mostly wild and desolate terrain with a desert-like climate. Great Inagua is home to a protected park - a sanctuary and breeding ground for over 60,000 West Indian Flamingos (national bird of The Bahamas) and many rare species of tropical birds, turtles and iguanas. Also about 900 humans. Little Inagua is uninhabited.
Long Island - With a length of 60 miles and an area of 230 sq. miles, Long Island is alternately hilly and peppered with numerous limestone caves that descend beneath the sea, marshy with flatlands or sloping and edged with perfect white beaches. The population is about 3,400.
Mayaguana - Retaining its original Indian name, Mayaguana is a perfect destination for sailing enthusiasts, with several good harbours and anchorages, great fishing, shelling and swimming. There is much local color to enjoy in the charming little cottages and friendly people. The island has an area of 110 sq. miles and a population of 308.
Nassau / Paradise Island - The most populated island, and the most important economically, is the island of New Providence, home to Nassau, the capital city and the seat of government for The Commonwealth of The Bahamas. Nassau is a sophisticated, yet charming, old town founded in 1670. It grew rapidly as the center of commerce for the islands due to its protected harbour and fine anchorages. Nassau / Paradise Island includes the resort areas of Cable Beach (the Bahamian Riviera) and Paradise Island (home to the spectacular Atlantis Bahamas Resort). Within its 80 sq. miles live 171,542 people--about 60% of the Bahamian population.
Ragged Islands - The sickle-shaped Ragged Islands stretch from the Jumento Cays at the southern tip of The Exumas, curve east then south, down to Great Ragged Island with its main settlement of Duncan Town. It is a very dry, wild, windswept place, surrounded by a treacherous sea. The islands have an area of 15-square miles and a population of 89.
Rum Cay - Lovely rolling hills, golden beaches and coral reefs encircle the shores of Rum Cay with its historic Loyalist plantation ruins and scattered Indian artifacts. Originally named Santa Maria de la Conception by Columbus, Rum Cay supposedly derived its present name from the shipwreck of a West Indian rumrunner. The only settlement is Port Nelson, a sheltered harbour on the south coast. The island is 10 miles long and 5 miles wide and has fewer than 100 inhabitants.
San Salvador - Christopher Columbus made this tiny, 63-sq.-mile area, the most historically important island of The Bahamas when he made first landfall here in 1492. Originally called "Guanahani," there are no less than four separate monuments marking the exact spot where Columbus came ashore. Still somewhat undiscovered there are still many interesting relics and artifacts from Indian days amongst the tumbling Loyalists plantation ruins. The population of 465 makes a living by fishing and farming.
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